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GALAXIX语法教室(第41期):非谓语动词(4) [复制链接]

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上一期我们辨析了make possible的三种形式:make possible sth.,make it possible that... 和make it possible (for sb.) to do sth。

文末题目参考答案如下:

尝试用make possible的三种形式翻译:

大量辛劳付出和一点点运气使她赢得了精彩的人生。

A great deal of hard work and a bit of good luck made possible her big success in life.

A great deal of hard work and a bit of good luck made it possible for her to have a wonderful life.

A great deal of hard work and a bit of good luck made it possible that she won herself a wonderful life.



今天我们来讲一讲“动词-ing分词”的两个要点:-ing分词作后置定语,以及-ing分词的独立结构。

1. -ing分词作后置定语

简而言之,就是把-ing分词当做定语来用,修饰它前面的名词,看下面这一组句子大家就瞬间明白了~

e.g. The woman who delivers milk everyday turned out to be my aunt.
e.g. The woman delivering milk everyday turned out to be my aunt.

翻译:那个天天送牛奶的女人居然是我阿姨。

再看一句被动语态情况下的用法:

e.g. The railway being built is a very big project.

你能仿照上面两句话,把这句话的原型写出来吗?

这个用法比较简单,但是大家要注意,-ing分词作后置定语不能用于完成时,如果硬要说原因的话,希望大家能在脑袋里回顾一下-ing进行体的三个特点,还记得持续性吗?下面放个错误例句:

e.g. The man having done his homework well turned out to be my brother.

2. -ing分词的独立结构

“独立主格结构”是由名词或代词作为逻辑主语,加上分词、形容词、副词、动词不定式或介词短语作为逻辑谓语构成。这种结构在形式上与主句没有关系,通常称为“独立主格结构”。

官方介绍结束,我们今天只讲-ing分词的独立主格结构。看例句:

e.g. All the money having been spent, he started looking for work.
所有的钱都花光了,他开始着手找工作。

有心的读者可能发现,这里怎么就可以用完成时态了?与上面不同,这里的-ing分词不作修饰用,而用来表示原因,所以时态只作时态理解。

-ing分词的独立结构用来表示原因居多,再举一例:

There being no taxis, we had to walk.
没有出租车,我们只好步行。

每期一题:

Not __ an answer from her, I wrote again.

A. have been received
B. have received
C. having been received
D. having received


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